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Education



Telelearning
Telelearning is a form of online learning that depends on technology to communicate and function effectively. This form of education enables “people to learn at the time, place and pace which satisfies their circumstances and requirements” (ETA, ND). Telelearning provides numerous opportunities for individuals who are hindered by geographical isolation and personal work and problems.


Some necessary points to consider before converting to telemarketing is if whether the subject matter is ideal, the course materials are appropriate, and if there is adequate study space without disturbances
Advantages associated with Telelearning:

  • Gives disabled people the same opportunities
  • No need to face discrimination if one is disabled
  • Access provided worldwide and in areas such as prisons and hospitals
  • Augments the rate of education
  • Students can study at their own pace and time

Disadvantages associated with Telelearning:

  • Lack of social interaction with fellow students
  • Students must have access to Internet, which may limit many
  • Hard to discern if the quality of the work is actually the student’s
  • Telelearning is quite costly
  • Lack of presence of a teacher may deter a student’s learning process
  • Depend on computers rather than technology
  • If the computer is not functioning properly, the student can’t access their education
Social and Ethical Issues

  • Equality of Access – Although Telelearning enables people in remote areas to have access to education, it unfortunately makes it difficult for people without capital to learn. For example, impoverished people living in Third World countries will not have equal access to educational materials.
* Globalization – Telelearning enables different ideas and cultures to disseminate. This permeation of ideas may be beneficial because it enriches the awareness of an individual. However, ideas may not be readily accepted in some cultures and conflicts could emerge.

  • Authenticity – The students could deceive the educators by posing to be somebody they are not. For example, an individual may write an essay for the student without the professor knowing. Thus, the mark merited may not be the mark deserved.


[[http://www.exam-ta.ac.uk/technologysm1.htmhttp://www.ruthtrumpold.id.au/itgswiki/pmwiki.php?n=Main.Telelearning|http://www.exam-ta.ac.uk/technologysm1.htm ]]
http://www.ruthtrumpold.id.au/itgswiki/pmwiki.php?n=Main.Telelearning



Modification of hardware and software for special needs: voice recognition software, text-to-speech,

special input and output devices, Internet resources

Software in the classroom: science experiments, social studies modelling and simulation, instructional

tools and media, computer-aided instruction, computer-aided learning

School library systems: catalogues, security systems, online research

Hardware in the classroom: laptops, notebooks, teleconferencing

Software in school administration: record keeping, scheduling, Intranets, public information


Training & Tutorial & Simulators
Training is an educational process where people can learn new information and gain new knowledge, also re-learn and experience existing knowledge and skills, and most importantly have time to think and consider what new options can help them improve their effectiveness at work.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Training
- Advantage: By training students, it allows them to learn and gain new information easily, and later on it can lead them to obtain high quality skills which will allow students to interpret the skills that they have learned, to improve on many different areas.
- Disadvantage: There is variety of training qualities. In order to gain and learn top quality skills/knowledge students must pay a lot of money, on the other hand for an affordable price, the quality of training will be not good compared to high-payment.

Tutorial is a tool that helps people to learn and gain knowledge through instructed step by step process. Nowadays tutorial can be found easily on the internet as there are many web sites that offer tutorials on everything from use of computer programme and etc.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Tutorial
- Advantage: Tutorial is a very useful tool for students for their education. Especially nowadays, students can find ‘online-tutorial’ through the internet; therefore it allows them to obtain information and knowledge much easier.
- Disadvantage: As many tutorials are software that contains certain information sources are limited, therefore it cannot answer student’s personal curiosity or questions straightaway. Also tutorials do not have emotions within the learning process.

Simulation is the imitation of some real life objects or any certain process. Simulation is used in many contexts, including the modelling of natural systems or human systems in order to gain insight into their functioning. Examples of those contexts are training and tutorial for educational purposes. Simulation can be used to show the eventual real effects of alternative conditions and courses of action.

Example of a Simulator - Toyota Car Simulator


Advantages & Disadvantages of Simulators
- Advantage: By the use of simulators, people are able to practically experience much easily, it can be cheaper to operate some special tests. Moreover, simulators have no limits in space.
So for example, using ‘driving simulators’, it can be useful for people to use that type of simulator in order to learn how to drive or to test a car, the reason is that the simulator contains exactly the same system and functions as car in real life, so as you press the accelerator of the car it just drives the same as the car in real life. Also there are no risks of crashing or even it doesn’t matter if you crash in simulations because there are you do not have to pay for breaking or crashing cars and no dangers of hurting people or yourself.
- Disadvantage: Simulation concerns the manipulation of a number of variables of a model representing a real system. However, manipulation of a single variable often means that the reality of the system as a whole can be lost. Certain systems or components of a realistic situation are not transparent. Some factors have a lot of influence on the whole, but they have indistinct relations in the whole and can therefore not be represented in a model. These factors, however, cannot be forgotten in the learning process.

Social and Ethical Issue – People and Machines
All three Training & Tutorial & Simulators components of education relates to an issue of people and machines. Because all these processes offer a pleasurable working and learning conditions for students. For example as students are able to access learning sources through internet easily, like ‘online-tutorial,’ students can work in any places while they are connected to the internet. Also like simulators by the use of computer technology, it offers people to experience in a practical way of ‘artificial real-life’ simulation in any certain spaces. So it can be convenient if students want to experiment something that requires certain conditions that cannot be found easily in real-life, the simulator can create a simulation that can allow students to experiment in the special conditions.
However, there are downsides to these components. Nowadays, as many students are obtaining and experiencing knowledge and information through computer software and machines, it leads to lack of emotions throughout students. Also they are lacking interactions and communications with one another. Therefore this brings an issue that machines are taking over people.
http://www.businessballs.com/traindev.htm
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/T/tutorial.html
http://www.goldsim.com/Content.asp?PageID=91


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School Library Software
School Library System helps to manage the library by providing cataloging, processing, organizing the books, reporting, and searching books. It enables schools to manage their libraries more effectively and help student, teachers, other school members access the information easily.

Programs/ Software:
Follet provides cataloging data and enables library cataloging and processing. Its electronic data supports online catalog system and its shelflist cards feature ISBN, bar code number, interest level, reading level, purchase price and data.
Concourse is library software that provides quick cataloging and easy navigation through having flowcharts and toolbars. Daily statistical records can be viewed and searches by author, title, subject, and keywords are available quickly.
Book Tracker creates custom reports and allows tracking books that had been burrowed. Each book would have Notes section for book’s description, unique history, and past ownership.
Advantages:
· It increases the productivity of the work because librarians don’t have to sign up for every book and record its data. Similarly, students or teachers can find the books easily through typing a key word such as author’s name and title of the book instead of going through the shelves. Thus, school library system programs save time.
· Librarians don’t have to record who burrowed each book on paper. School library system program would do this for them. They can also make reports or lists of daily statistical records
Disadvantages (Issues):
· Reliability/ Integrity- the library software might have errors in which books would be categorizing in a wrong order or it might put wrong information on books. The students would then burrow wrong books. If the data has been changed or tampered, the information would lack integrity.
· Authenticity- it’s important to record who burrowed which book. Otherwise, a person who didn’t burrow the book would be recorded in the data in which he or she would have to pay or return the book they never burrowed.
http://www.rediker.com/library.html
http://www.ducksoftware.com/book-organizer.html
http://www.flr.follett.com/intro/cataloging.html



Virtual Learning Environment – moodle & wikispace.

Moodle is a course management system that schools use for discussion forums, assignment submissions, grade/feedback tracking, and teams/people pages.
education.illinois.edu/hre/online/orientation/terminology.htm
Sample: english.moodlehub.com
Social/Ethical issues:
Equality of Access: You can only view the contents of the moodle if you are logged in, meaning you only have access to the moodle if you are a member. This restricts access of those who would just like to visit the moodle to look at discussions, share their opinions, etc.

Wikispace allows you to discuss something that's important to you, while at the same time getting opinions and information from other people that visit your wiki. Wikis allow your readers to become part of your Web site by letting them add their ideas and information to the wiki too.

http://personalweb.about.com/od/wikihostingandsoftware/a/511wiki.htm

Sample: ceejayjader.wikispaces.com
Social/Ethical issues:
Security: On wikispaces, you can upload files. However, if these files contain malware or viruses, this could threaten the security of your computer if you download the files.

Integrity: Data may lack integrity in a wikispace because any member can edit the information presented in the wikispace. They could write false statements or change the data. Thus, the wikispace may lack integrity.



Special Software

Specail softwares are invented to make people's lives easier. These new technologies help people with disabilities as well.
Social and ethical issues:
People and Machines- It is an invention that we made to make ourselves comfortable and some are designed specifically for the disableds.
Control- It has to be safe and reliable to be used in practical.


Soft Touch
Special education software made for students with disabilities... provide(s) access through mouse, single switch (scanning), IntelliKeys keyboard by IntelliTools, or touch screens. Many students benefit including: young children, preteens and teens with physical disabilities, students with severe or profound disabilities, autism, Down Syndrome, developmental disabilities or cognitive delays, vision impairments (blind), mental retardation, and nonverbal students possibly needing alternative communication devices.

http://www.educational-software-directory.net/special-needs/special-education

Voice Recognition
Voice recognition is hardware or software in computers that allows people to control computers through their voices rather than using keyboards or the mouse. People can command the computer to like save or delete documents, and they can even write documents by saying the words out loud into the microphone. The computer will try its best to process our voices into words and write the closest words that it can find.
http://www.rehabtool.com/forum/discussions/97.html


CHECK THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES


1. Text to Speech software
2. eSpeaking
3. Computer Aided Instructions
4.

Special I/O for Special Needs

e-sullivan-portable-communicator-for-deaf-blind-people1.jpg
Braile Output

tonguedrive2.jpgtonguedrive74-vid.jpg
Tongue Drive System