SMART Machines that are being used today.

  1. Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 Points)
  2. You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines.(2 points for each Machine.)
  3. Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (2 Points each)
  4. Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (2 points each)
  5. Are these machine worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 Points)

Areas where I want you to look at.

1. Education - Chen

Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 Points)
- RUBI that interacts with children at University of California, San Diego’s Early Childhood Education Center teaches them numbers, colors, and basic concepts.
- Mindstorms NXT model is a robot that students build in order to learn science and math.
Once this robot is built, it can talk to students and assume their personality.
- Hanako is a Japanese robot that serves as a patient for students who pursue to be a dentist.
The robot understands surgeon’s instructions and responds when greeted or asked several questions. Also, it can react to different situations without being random such as sneezing, releasing saliva, shifting, or gagging.
- Artificial Intelligence-based computer is to be used by England’s exam boards to mark English essays.
This computer will read and asses essays for international English tests and mark the essays by recognizing right answers.
You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines. (2 points for each Machine.)
-RUBI is equipped with a Computer Expression Recognition Toolbox and has ‘smart detection’ technology. This enables RUBI to giggle and encourage child to continue his/her lesson when it detects smile.
-Hanako has a touch sensor in his mouth which enables him to detect any motion. This enables her to react to surgery process and improper application of dental tools such as when a student applies too much pressure.
Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (2 Points each)
- Jobs like teachers and teaching assistant would be replaced. By using smart machines in classrooms, schools don’t have to pay salary which saves money or worry about teacher’s retirement.
- Exam markers would be replaced by AI computers because computers can eliminate human elements such as tiredness and subjectivity.
Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (2 points each)
- People and Machines: the smart machines can extend human faculties and replace jobs as they don’t require salary or retirement. Since reliability and possibility of unemployment can be an issue, we have to determine whether smart machines would bring more advantage than disadvantage in the field of education.
- Reliability: For example, medical students should not assume that the reactions that Hanako gives are how real patients would react. In real life situations, people can react differently and diversely. Although the robot contains AI that enables her to determine the reactions by herself, relying too much on her would be dangerous. Likewise, AI computers that mark exams can make severe mistakes which would affect the students’ grade because their ability to use logic to determine the right answer is limited compared to those of humans.
- Equality of access: the prices of these robots are generally very expensive, thus, not all schools or institutions can afford it. This gives a disadvantage to certain people. For instance, a rural school that can’t have a native English teacher would need a smart machine that can teach English. But without money, students in rural school have less chance to learn that those living in the city where English teachers are easily hired.
Are these machines worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 Points)
- The robots in the field of education can be helpful when it is meant to teach people on technology. However, to create robots in order to replace human teachers seems bad idea. Although South Korean government is already investing huge amount of money to bring 500 robot teachers in playgroup in 2011 and 800 robots by 2013, investing on robots to educate students don’t appear reasonable. The teachers are supposed to understand students individually and communicate with them. Even if robots have AI, there is limitation to how far robots can understand students and communicate freely. Students would lack social interactions when having a robot-based learning. Additionally, I don’t think teachers should be worried about robots replacing their jobs because of robot’s physical vulnerability (such as children taking out robot’s arm) and lack of communication. On the other hand, smart machines like a patient robot with AI can be worth the investment since it doesn’t replace any jobs, but instead, offer practices to medical students. It saves human experiment in which students would have to practice using real patients which can result in unintended injuries.
The sources:
http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/news/article/18319
http://www.dana.org/media/detail.aspx?id=23284
http://www.smartplanet.com/business/blog/business-brains/robots-as-teachers-how-much-can-we-learn-from-machines/8405/
http://www.aaai.org/AITopics/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/AITopics/IntelligentTutoringSystems
http://www.engadget.com/2010/04/14/simon-the-robot-gets-upgraded-with-voice-and-face-recognition-s/
http://www.danshope.com/news/post/21/Robots-to-teach-math-science-to-children
http://www.aibits.com/news/tags/en_US/Hanako
http://www.technovelgy.com/ct/Science-Fiction-News.asp?NewsNum=1312
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/09/25/ai_robot_examiners/

John Ro

  1. Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 marks)
  2. You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines (4 marks)
- Needs more IT technology

  1. Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (4 marks)
- Needs more job replacement for each Smart Machines

  1. Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (6 marks)
- Needs more social issues of the Smart Machines

  1. Are these machine worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 marks)

2. Business - John

  1. Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 Points)
- FANUC Force Robotics – the FANUC manufacturing machine senses the force and weight of objects to position for assembling purposes.
- Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) – This is the process of solving new problems based on the solutions of similar past problems.
- G24 Innovations – A camera that understands the surrounding conditions such as temperature, humidity, to whether the camera should use a certain light to make the camera view clearer for better recording.
- Currency Scanner – A machine that counts money, either stacks of banknotes or loose collections of coins. This machine typically provides a total count of all money.
  1. You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines.(2 points for each Machine.)
- FANUC Force Robotics – Sensors – The sensors locate the position of the product and it assembles products automatically without human’s help which can be much quicker and efficient to make a complete product.
- Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) – Database – By learning the problem that has occurred before, it stores the problem in the database so that it can be utilised again for a solution.
- G24 Innovations – CCTV – It uses CCTV system to monitor certain things that the business wants to monitor. So it can be built in a factory where people have a limited access due to the issue that people cannot stay to monitor the production of products due to the reasons like toxic elements, high/low temperature, so that it can monitor the product being produced, or if the machine breaks down during when the workers are not available at the industry, then the CCTV can record the issue and report it to the engineers for emergency.
- Currency Scanner – Scanning – Through the money counting, the AI built in this machine doubts any currency such as fake notes, not useable money. This machine can be useful when the businesses were calculating the number of incomes/profit that they have made.
  1. Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (2 Points each)
- FANUC Robots – Since it automatically assembles the products in a shorter time with a good quality, not many technicians and engineers are needed to assemble.
- Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) – Since, it is more efficient and quicker to identify and find the problem that had occurred before, workers tend to rely more on this machine to create a solution to prevent the issue presented before within the business.
- G24 Innovations - Due to the long life span of this CCTV, there are no need of Security Guards to check for 24/7 whether the machines are functioning well or not when the technicians are not available.
- Currency Scanner – With a fast ability to check the amount of money, not many financial analysts are needed.
  1. Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (2 points each)
FANUC Robots
Equality of Access - FANUC robots are not cheap products to install in every factory, therefore, not every business can afford to pay for that machine.
Reliability – If the machine does not function during assembly of a certain product, it might create a faulty product which could be sold in a market, so if customers purchase bad products it will give the company a bad reputation as well as less profit.
Case-Based Reasoning (CBR)
Reliability & Integrity – All the data stored in the database might not be correct, someone could have manipulated which could affect CBS in making a solution to the problem. Also, even if the machine states that there was a problem, but it might not be a problem for humans, so CBR might not be reliable for identifying a serious problem.
G24 Innovations
Privacy – If all the actions of the manufacture are being monitored, the workers might not feel comfortable working due to their invasion of privacy. This will decrease employee’s incentives to work harder.
Equality of Access – This CCTV is not cheap, therefore, it cannot be implemented every places within the company/industry to monitor the productions of the products as a 24/7 guard.
Currency Counter
Reliability – There is a chance that AI might not recognise the fake money that was put in the machine. So human should not heavily rely on the Currency Counter to detect fake money for the business.
People & Machines – This machine is taking away many jobs for people who were working as a financial analyst because the Currency Counter is much faster at counting and organising the money.
  1. Are these machines worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 Points)
I believe that the Smart machines in the field of business are worth investing, but there are disadvantages that follow.
It gives a lot of advantages like giving a faster and efficient production of products that businesses need to make profit. By creating products in a quick time could increase their stock range which could help the company to sell more. Also it reduces the amount of money being used in employing or hiring people in the business because with the use machines like CCTV, companies do not need a guard to monitor the every action of the machines for 24/7 because CCTVs will record every single issue if it occurs.
However, relying too much on these intelligent machines is a very risky idea. For example, if the force sensor in the FANUC machine did not place the object properly, it could assemble a totally wrong product, it can bring a bad reputation of the business and customers will stop purchasing the product which will reduce the profit.
Using AI is efficient, but I believe that there should be a human check before the products are established to the customers in the market so that the companies can confirm that the products are fine for sale.
Therefore, I believe that the use of AI is a significant part of business, but human hands are also needed for a more perfect product to be produced within a business/industry to gain more financial benefits. So, rather than allowing machines to be used a lot more in industry and creating unemployment for humans, consideration of human importance is needed in business as well.
http://www.drdobbs.com/embedded-systems/193001587;jsessionid=H3GKNYHTTZNO5QE1GHPSKHWATMY32JVN
http://www.automationworld.com/columns-3905
http://insightiv.com/g24-innovations-machine-monitoring-cameras/
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/login.jsp?url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fiel5%2F7693%2F5288916%2F05288941.pdf%3Farnumber%3D5288941&authDecision=-203
http://suppliers.jimtrade.com/151/150114/203127.htm

Marked by Chen:
  1. Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 Points)
4 points
  1. You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines. (2 points for each Machine.)
8 points
  1. Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (2 Points each) [no max points yet]
8 points
  1. Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (2 points each) [no max points yet]
7 points
John stated that in Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) “even if the machine states that there was a problem, it might not be a problem for humans.”
This should be explained with examples to support how CBR is not reliable.
  1. Are these machines worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 Points)
4 points


3. Health - Gina

In-Home Care for Seniors
Artificial intelligence tools are used to replace expensive in-home care for the elderly or for the disabled. Data mining tools take information from cameras and appliances. The data extracted from this is then used to determine the activity level, position and health of the senior or the disabled. Doctors and medical staff evaluate the results and reaction correspondingly. Although this in-home care for the seniors is helpful for many, it unfortunately replaces a number of jobs:
  1. The jobs of care takers are substituted by these artificial intelligence appliances
2. Individual jobs that measure the activity level of the seniors or specialist for different health tests will not be needed as this AI can merge all into one system
Social issues include:
  1. Equality of Access - Not all seniors and disabled individuals are able to afford the costly cameras, appliances and the system
  2. Reliability - If the appliances are not functioning properly, the health of the seniors and the disabled are put at serious risk as the doctors will not receive accurate, reliable information.
These machines are worth the investment for the seniors. While the first few years using this system may prove to be costly, the long term price may be less as individual doctors do not have to be payed. However, the use of this AI system means that the seniors will have to place great trust in the system and believe that it will be reliable at all times.

AI Diagnoses Disease
Artificial intelligence tools, data mining and the processing power of neural network allows medical institutes to diagnose illness, evaluate images and execute other studies. With a learning algorithm, AI programs are able to accomplish the same type of care as well-trained physicians. Again, while these systems are beneficial, they also take over certain jobs:
  1. The number of physicians may become reduced since these AI programs are capable of diagnosing patients to a great degree of accuracy
Social issues include:
  1. Equality of Access - Not all hospitals and clinics may be able to afford these AI programs. This in turn could result in a loss of patients as individuals may critique it for not being modern.
  2. Reliability - Even if one of the AI programs are not functioning properly, the whole system may not produce reliable diagnose
These machines are worth the investment for hospitals as they potentially may be able to cut down on the number of staff, saving money.

Google’s Flu Trends Map
Data mining and natural language processing can be used to predict the spread of pandemic diseases. By using the natural language processing to search queries for terms that matched common flu symptoms, the pattern of pandemic diseases could be found. This artificial intelligence technology was used to predict the 2009 swine flu.
There could be a decrease in the number of people per job:
  1. The necessity for a large number of medical staff may decrease as the spread of the flu is predicted in advance, preventing massive casualties
Some social issues include:
  1. Reliability - If the results produced by the Flu Trends Map is not accurate and reliable, prevention measures can be viewed as useless and a waste of both time and money
  2. Equality of Access - Not all individuals have access to Internet. Therefore, they may not be able to prepare against the flu.
This AI technology is worth the investment as it was able to predict the spread of flu outbreaks one week prior to the actual spread. The accuracy of this system is verified by the fact that the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed that Google’s Flu Trends map was accurate. With this information beforehand, prevention measures could be implemented to prevent massive loss of life and destruction.

Artificial Intelligence for Hearing Aids
Artificial Intelligence applies to advanced technology hearing aids too. Digital technology fulfilled one of the major expectations when it was released to the hearing aid marketplace in 1996.
Social Issues:
1. Equality of Access - Not everybody can afford to purchase hearing aids as they are expensive
2. Reliability - The design of the hearing aid has to be reliable for the technology to work effectively.
Yes, this AI technology is worth the investment as things that could not be heard before are now audible for the disabled. This reduces potential problems and conflicts that could arise.

http://www.audiologyonline.com/articles/article_detail.asp?article_id=733
http://www.google.org/flutrends/
http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2008/11/tracking-flu-trends.html
http://www.comfortkeepers.com/


Marked by Mike:
  1. Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 Points)
4 points
  1. You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines. (2 points for each Machine.)
8 points
  1. Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (2 Points each) [no max points yet]
6 points - Gina didnt have any jobs replaced for the Artificial intelligence for hearing Aids
  1. Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (2 points each) [no max points yet]
8 points
  1. Are these machines worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 Points)
4 points

4. Military/Government - Terry



Area of impact: Military/Government


1.

Smart machines


Intelligent camera
Smart passport
Combat robot
Load carrier



2.

IT technology


Intelligent camera: camera, GPS
Smart passport: RIFD tag, biometric
Firefighter robot: GPS, sensors (infrared, heat, bio)


Load carrier: sensor (that responds to users motion)




3.

Jobs


Intelligent camera goes out to places like battlefields or etc to gather pictures and show live view of the place.
- Soldiers do not have to go out for surveillance
- Navigators are not needed, since it has a GPS



Smart passport uses RFID tags and biometrics to verify its owner.
- Instead of people checking the passports, the biometrics and RFID can do the work
- May be used for other things that needs identification of the user



Fire fighting robot in the forest detects fire by using heat sensor and bio sensor (smelling). It uses infrared sensors to move and GPS to inform the firefighters where the fire is.
- Firefighters do not have to go into forests
- Helicopters do not have go find the locations of the fire



Load carrier is a wearable robot. Soldiers who carry heavy loads use this to move more quickly and easily. The robot responds users’ motion by the using sensors that is attached their muscles.
- Supply trucks are not needed
- Ambulance is not needed because with this robot, a soldier can carry a wounded man too


4.

Social and ethical issues


Intelligent camera:


-Reliability- if the camera is malfunctions, the military can receive wrong images and videos


-Control- the military relies on what the camera shows; the camera controls them



Smart passport:


-Integrity- since it is digital, information can be changed easily


-Privacy- when this passport is hacked, the owner’s personal information can be exposed


-Authenticity- the hacker can become another person



Fire fighting robot:


-Reliability- when it malfunctions or make mistakes, a false alarm can go off and confuse firefighters


- when it fails to extinguish fire, there may be risks


- People and machines-before releasing the robots in the forest, the robots must be checked whetherthe design is safe and effective



Load carrier:


-Reliability-when it malfunctions, soldiers may get injured


-Equality of access- since it is expensive, not all soldiers can use


-People and machines- the safety and effectiveness of the machine have to be tested before using it for real



5.

Are these machines worth the investment?


Intelligent camera- I think it is worth investing, because it reduces human involvement in wars; less soldiers will be sacrificed when this camera is used.



Smart passport- Smart passport is created to reduce identity theft. Because it used face recognition biometric and RFID, it will be difficult to steal personal information off of it. So, I think it worth investing. Plus, it is faster when checking because the computer does the work.



Firefighting robot- Forest fires take time to be detected but with these robots in the forest, initial fire can be put out so conflagration can be prevented. I think this robot is very worth investing.




Load carrier- I do not think this machine is worth investing. It costs a lot to make one so not all soldiers can use this. Many people die in wars and soldiers who use this are not exceptions. There may more loss than how much work and money is invested on this machine.


Resources


Intelligent camera


http://www.militaryaerospace.com/index/display/article-display/373459/articles/military-aerospace-electronics/online-news-2/2010/03/artificial-intelligence-and-machine-vision-for-unmanned-vehicle-smart-cameras-is-aim-of-darpa-minds-eye-program.html


Smart passport


http://www.allbusiness.com/crime-law-enforcement-corrections/criminal-offenses-fraud/5595408-1.html


Fire fighting robot


http://economy.hankooki.com/lpage/industry/200804/e2008040216511670260.htm


Load carrier


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jPB6uwc7aWs&feature=player_embedded


http://books.google.com/books?id=IzwEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA44&lpg=PA44&dq=smart+machine+load+carrier&source=bl&ots=9koj-V-nql&sig=8y4v9y9apmILSBUOFSiStagIb8k&hl=ko&ei=0Xw9TZ3APIWmcKC-8IQH&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=smart%20machine%20load%20carrier&f=false

5. Science and Environment - Mike An and Mike Kang


2011-01-24


Smart machines in science and environment (mainly environment)


1. Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 Points)


1) Smart Car (EN-V)


smart_car.jpg



Lithium & Ion Battery Car


è This type of car doesn’t need oil(gasoline) as a source of fuel


è This decreases smog pollution where gas from gasoline is usually the main reason


è Electricity is renewable resource and does not harm the environment.


2) Smart Phone


è There are applications in the smart phone that is friendly to our environment.


è (Eco-light application) Light bulb -> we no longer need to turn lights on every time again after you lie on bed. Turning the light stand or light bulb at home is waste of energy and electricity. Usually turning your light on and off wastes more energy than leaving it on for a certain time.


è (My Water Diary application) This application is a diary where you can find buttons that show you how much water you use at home. You can compare your water use with the average of your country’s water use. Every time you take a shower, when you cook, or wash your car, you can easily measure by clicking the water button on your smart phone. You can also check your weekly water-use graph.


è Usually the environment gets better up to the user of the application, and how seriously he/she feels the need to care about the environment,



è Smart meter (The first step towards smart greed)


è


smart_meter.jpg




(AMI-Advanced Metering infrastructure) The smart meter grasps the amount of electricity you use and sends it to the electricity provider. This reduces your payment of electricity thus, you can also check how much electricity you use.


è There are times when electricity is cheap and expensive. You can save electricity with your smart meter when electricity is cheap and use it when electricity is expensive.


è Under a smart grid there are each Micro-grids on it. The micro grid converts sun ray, wind into electricity.


è (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7BgZMiw_2w) little animation for understanding.


4) Smart LED(TV)


è Sony Brivia EX700


è This series of television has body sensors which reduces the television from spreading too much light. This increases the contrast rate from 1million to 1 and helps decrease your electricity use to the lowest. The body sensor automatically turns your television off when it senses no motion. This is called the (Presence Sensor).


è Another sensor (Ambient Sensor) is a sensor that reduces your television’s energy loss without harming your vision of your television.


2. You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines.(2 points for each Machine.)


1) Smart Car (EN-V)


è Battery based Engine


è Sun-ray converter


2) Application


è Internet connection (wifi)


è Smart phone technology


è Downloading system


3) Smart meter


· Sun-ray, wind converter
· Sensor that rates your electricity
· Electricity saver (which saves your electricity for future use)
4) LED TV


· Body motion sensor
· Light sensor
  1. Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (2 Points each)
Smart Car (EN-V)
a) The oil companies will be corrupted if the majority of people start using cars that don’t need gasoline as fuel.
b) The car companies that used to make gasoline cars lose there jobs.
c) The people who work in gasoline refinery will lose their jobs.
2) Smart greed (Smart meter)


a) People who work as measuring house electricity-use rate will lose their jobs
b) People who sell batteries will lose their jobs.
3) Applications


a) People who usually buy small lamps or flash-lights will no longer buy them. This would make the sellers who make lamps or flash lights reduce their profits.
4) Television


a) If this type of television becomes used by the majority then the older ones become useless. People will lose jobs if they used to work for older televisions.
b) The selling rate of the other versions of televisions will greatly decrease.
4. Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (2 points each)


A. Smart Car (EN-V)
Reliability – We do not know how long strong the car is, looking at its features it might be weak in strong wind or lumpy roads. We can’t rely too much on these types of cars until it is simulated in various ways.
Equality of Access – I assume that these types of cars will be highly expensive. This means that mostly people with money will be able to afford these types of cars and this lacks the equality of access.
People and machines – Since this machine is not simulated in real life people should test how safe this car would be in real.
B. Application
Equality of access – These eco applications are open for everyone who has a smart phone. It is equally given to everyone who own a phone but who do not are not able to download these applications. This lacks equality of access.
Reliability – Though the information of how much water is used is given the amount of water must be an assumption. This application where it calculates your water use lacks reliability.
C. Smart greed
Equality of access – Anyone can use this Smart-meter that can save your energy. This would reduce your expense.
Privacy – your electricity-use rate would be sent to your provider. Your electricity use privacy is not protected (but is really not a big deal)
D. Television
Equality of access – This type of television is a really expensive LED television. This machine is unaffordable for many people.
5. Are these machine worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 Points)


These machines are worth the investment. Most of these eco-smart machines help the environment in various ways. With these new tech smart machines we can save electricity, water, fuel, prevent pollution, and also save money. Applications on the Smart phone can show the seriousness of how poor we are environmentally and help prevent before it becomes too late. The cars that use lithium-ion decreases use of fuel, so we can stop using oil (gasoline) and prevent pollution. While the oil are used in cars the smoke from the car creates smog pollution, and ships in the ocean that carry oil pollutes the sea water when there is an accident and the ship sinks. The smart greed can create electricity by using sun-ray, and wind energy, and also the smart-meter can help reduce the use of electricity. The smart- television reduces your use of electricity and saves your money. All of these smart-machines save your money and energy, and prevent pollution. Why would this investment not be worth it? There is almost nothing negative of making these machines.

Sources
http://blog.naver.com/marcellin97?Redirect=Log&logNo=70101147315
http://blog.daum.net/mepr_greenwing/7632693
http://blog.naver.com/ds1fus?Redirect=Log&logNo=60118172292
http://blog.naver.com/prjinn?Redirect=Log&logNo=130077656091
http://www.khaiyang.com/1004


Marked by Do-Yup:
  1. Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 Points)
4 points
  1. You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines. (2 points for each Machine.)
8 points
  1. ]Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (2 Points each) [no max points yet]
12 points
  1. ]Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (2 points each) [no max points yet]
14 points -
– the issue equality of access is not presented as an issue.
John stated that in Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) “even if the machine states that there was a problem, it might not be a problem for humans.”
This should be explained with examples to support how CBR is not reliable.
  1. Are these machines worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 Points)
4 points






6. Arts Entertainment and leisure. - Do Yup

1. Artificial Pets (Entertainment)
Entertainment value: artificial pets can deliver realistic love to people, which may be a better alternative than domestic pets such as a goldfish. It is also convenient to have since it gives less responsibility to people.
2. IT Technology – Touch sensors, speakers, voice recognition.
3. As the machines are pets, the jobs of people are not at much risk, but domestic pets may be replaced by these artificial pets.
4. The issue of people and machines can be flagged since the safety of the design of the machine can be questioned. Equality of Access is another issue since robotic pets are usually expensive, which limits the audience they can reach out to. http://io9.com/5090047/10-robotic-pets-that-deserve-to-live-in-the-white-house
5. The machines can be worth the investment in terms of treating loneliness especially for the elderly, when taking care of a real pet might be a burden, whereas an artificial pet can be turned on and off when desired.
http://www.dansdata.com/robotpets.htm


1. Chess Robot (Entertainment)


2. - Database – every game of chess in the history of the world and capable of calculating billions of possible combinations of traffic per second.
- Hydraulically operated robot arm– fluid mechanics
- Sensors
- Three-prong system which can open and close to grasp and release pieces.
http://www.gizmag.com/chess-terminator-robot-takes-on-kramnik-in-match/16996/
http://top-technology-reviews.com/chess-terminator-robot-arms-will-destroy-all-of-humanity-grandmasters/
3. Chess players
4. Equality of access: only those with professional skills in chess can play against the robot.
Reliability: The operation of the hardware and the design of the software are essential to this robot because they may affect the outcome of the match.
5. In terms of the entertainment it provides for the audience, I think that the robot is worth the investment. In addition, the level of difficulty provides further challenge for world champions in chess, which can create more competitive matches amongst humans and machines.

1. Robot Actors – Geminoid F in Japan (Arts)
http://robotzeitgeist.com/
2. Teleoperation system, involves a camera tracking the facial movements of its user and relaying them to the robot's face.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/7572340/The-Geminoid-F-brings-us-a-step-closer-to-Bladerunner.html
3. Actors/Actresses please elaborate doyup
4. Equality of access: The robot is very expensive, costing $1.2 million which may be a cost that small productions cannot afford to pay for.
Reliability – The operation of the hardware should be tested thoroughly since the robot is in use for an audience. If the machine malfunctions, the people who paid to watch the play may consider it a waste of money, having implications on business as well.

5. Personally, I do not feel it is very worth it compared to its cost of $1.2 million when it can only move her head and change her facial expression. In addition, the robot misses the human element, which may affect the real actors’ ability to express emotion to the best of their ability. However, the robot may be useful to replace an actor/actress when he/she is unable to make it to the theater.
1. Conductor Robot (Entertainment)
Video: http://robotzeitgeist.com/2008/05/hondas-asimo-robot-and-detroit-symphony.html
2. - Sensors – i.e. joint-angle, speed, floor-surface.
- Video cameras in eyes
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http://www.howstuffworks.com/asimo.htm/printable
3. Conductor please elaborate doyup
4. Reliability: The operation of hardware and the design of software are vital since the robot is used for a performance, and has the role of leading an orchestra. As a conductor, timing is essential which makes the precision of data the top priority of the machine.
Control: The machine is being used to control the behavior of people, which makes it essential for the system to have reliability, accuracy, and speed.
5. Although it may encourage and inspire young students to consider studies in math and science, there are still many limitations to this machine. The absence of improvisation may negatively affect the performance and the lack of interaction with the orchestra can also affect the overall quality of the performance. There still needs to be more development made, incorporating more artificial intelligence so that the machine can make decisions on its own by interpreting a performance.
http://asimo.honda.com/news/hondas-asimo-robot-to-conduct-the-detroit-symphony-orchestra/newsarticle_0078/
http://science.howstuffworks.com/robot-conduct-symphony.htm/printable


Marked by Gina:

======Each one of you should put in at least 4 Smart Machines. (4 Points)======

4 points

======You should also state the IT Technology behind your smart Machines. (2 points for each Machine.)======

8 points

======]Identify the various jobs that are being replaced by these machines. (2 Points each) [no max points yet]======

6 points
Please elaborate on why

======]Identify the Social Impacts of these machines. (2 points each) [no max points yet]======

8 points

======Are these machines worth the investment? Prove your answer (4 Points)======

4 points